visit 100000 villagers at birth of nation Bangladesh
download one page tour to 50 years of building partners empowering Asian village women to end poverty, design last mile health service and much more- how brac became the ngo world's largest networking economy DAY I ALMOST CHOKED EATING SUSHI WITH FAZLE ABED; The Japan Ambassador to Bangladesh was kindly hosting a dinner in remembrance of dad The Economist's Norman Macrae; Abed was telling his story: Bangladesh was less than 1 year old- it was 1972 and wanting to do more that being young Asia's leading oil company ceo, his greatest mistake was spending his life savings on building homes for 100000 refugees. Being an engineer I knew how to do that. But as we were opening the meta-village a young lady came up to me : what education/village enterprises do we need to prevent dozens of girls starving every week and scores of infants dying from dehydration? So she & I learnt we needed to innovate 5 last mile services for any space girls are born- safe homes, education, health, food, finance; in searching we found a billion village mothers wanting to COLLAB. ..video 1
visit 100000 VILLAGERS AT BIRTH NATION BANGLADESH...Download 2-page guide ...consider cases of new nations after world war 2- how many cases lived up to the peoples simplest dreams, end poverty, food/health/safety for every family member, education geared to decent jobs and happiness? bangladesh did something different- empowering 90% of women to find partners in building their own communities- .over 50 years a new economic model emerged which a billion asian women applied to end extreme poverty- how?.sustainability generation goal 5 100% livesmatter communitY 1 PLATFORMS 1 PLATFORMS 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6; 4 livelihood edu for all 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 ref Safiqul Islam 3 last mile health services 3.1 3,2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 last mile nutrition 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2,6 banking for all workers 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 .
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examples from abed builder of largest ngo partnership: Reeta Roy MCF 3.3 1billion$ to vaccinate continent africa 4.3 uganda; Soros 1.1-1.6 ineteconomics bottom-up, 4.4 new university OSUN 3.4 end TB; Gates 1.1-1.6 digital finance; 2.1-2.6 extending mpesa in tanzania's green revolution; world bank 1.3 first 100 ultra poor nations co-researchers, 4,4 first 100 nations early childhood play co-researchers
in contrast tu unicorns, we define hunicorns as billion dollar startup networks to valuable to human life for exiting investors or quarrelsome political parties -hall of fame first 1000 hunicorn collabs with sir fazle abed

36 alumni networks for sustainability generation goal 5 100% livesmatter communities 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6; 4 livelihood edu for all 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 ref Safiqul Islam 3 last mile health services 3.1 3,2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 last mile nutrition 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2,6 banking for all workers 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 .
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...2016 bangladesh e-digital schools nationwide :: bangla video:::: brookings video:: :::brac how did this happen?
The Economist 1977

2020s earthlings have the great good fortune that over 50 years from 1970 to 2019, fazle abed helped 1 billion asian women end poverty through 6 connected community building networks celebrating the first 5 sdgs and youth mediating everything else to be first sdg generation -each with a collaboration legacy -we're here to help yu find the network you can most help empower further
ending poverty, celebrating sustainability goals & youthful community building = most enjoyable ways to network; fazle abed (oil company engineer inspired by franciscan values) helped billion asian mothers do this over 50 years - join most exciting action learning networks and lets map AI algorithms = optimal livesmatter community builders -2021 join in glasgow cop26 & dubai rewired greatest youth meetings ever with thanks to abed.games youthmarkets.com & worldrecordjobs.com
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Which 30 educational and economic partnerships most empower a billion women to end extreme poverty, and value their children’s sustainability? Fortunately for those caring about sustainability 2020s, we can map this by around partners and alumni of 50 years of servant leadership by fazle abed 1970-2019 together with legacy specifications mapped through his final decade

Viewed from 1970, Increasing life expectancy from 25 years below to average helped gravitate development economics world’s most trusted partnership – hence sustainability last mile service markets

3) last mile health
2) agriculture for village food security


4)non-linear livelihood education
5) timing what platforms partners could facilitate entrepreneurial revolution not not just inclusive community but cooperation in full and meaningful entrepreneurial employment

financial entreprenurial revolution for nation's people history excluded from machine age


Monday, December 31, 2018

xai xtech

 

related www.economistai.com

How Blockchain Can Support Social Impact: Three Innovative Use Cases that Highlight its Potential

When it comes to blockchain technology, cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin seem to dominate the headlines and occupy most of the space in public discourse, whereas blockchain itself – cryptocurrencies’ underlying technology – often gets overlooked. But I would contend that what lies ahead for Bitcoin and many cryptocurrency projects (e.g., LitecoinDash) is uncertain, while in contrast, the future of many blockchain projects outside the domain of currency (e.g., ThetaAlice) seems compelling.

Many of these projects have optimized the technology to flourish in a variety of different spaces, including the social impact sector. In this article, I will showcase the functionality and value of blockchain in social impact work, highlighting three organizations that are putting the technology to innovative use.

 

UNDERSTANDING BLOCKCHAIN TECHNOLOGY

Just as the internet is composed of autonomous computers linked together on different networks, blockchain is a database of information that is distributed across many computers that are linked together. Any inputs (i.e., transactions or other information-based entries) to the database require the consensus (i.e., verification and approval) of the other computers on the network. This provides a permanent audit trail for these inputs, making the database very difficult to tamper with.

The blockchain network is decentralized: This means there is no central governing authority, allowing for a peer-to-peer ecosystem of transactions or other entries that renders third-party mediums (such as conventional banks or other financial institutions) unnecessary. It is immutable, allowing for increased security, as information is encrypted and cannot be changed or altered once the computers on the network have verified and approved the entry. And it is transparent, allowing for increased trust, as all approved information becomes visible to the entire network. Blockchain is built with a range of different cryptographic concepts, which is why its currency-type applications are referred to as “cryptocurrency.”

Blockchain has the potential for universal accessibility if it goes mainstream, as anyone with internet access would be able to use it. Its potential uses are limitless. Right now, companies around the world (like IBM and Google) are researching and incorporating blockchain into their products and services; even governments are experimenting with the technology.

Mainstream investors are already highly focused on blockchain-driven businesses – in fact, 17 of the 20 largest venture funds in the world (based on assets under management) have invested in companies that utilize blockchain technology. Some forward-thinking impact investors have already begun to follow suit.

 

INNOVATIVE USE CASES FOR BLOCKCHAIN IN SOCIAL IMPACT

2018 report from the Stanford Center for Social Innovation identified 193 organizations, initiatives and projects that were leveraging blockchain technology specifically for social good. This work could have direct implications in the global impact investing market, as these projects continue to scale and become more investable over time. Beyond the investment opportunities presented by blockchain-driven businesses, the technology can also help facilitate the investment process itself. Below, I will discuss three fascinating blockchain-based initiatives: one that illustrates how the technology can be used to address a common challenge in emerging markets, and two that showcase the innovation that blockchain can bring to impact investing.

ConsenSys Ventures is a venture capital arm of the blockchain technology firm ConsenSys, which aims to help entrepreneurs in the blockchain space scale their businesses. They are operating a project with NITI Aayog, a government-partnered public policy think tank in India, which leverages ConsenSys’ technology to offer a streamlined platform for managing land ownership records. This service might not be needed in the Global West, but in certain areas of India, land ownership records can be tampered with by simply bribing a government official. Because the ConsenSys platform is built on blockchain, land ownership records can be securely stored on a network that is both trustworthy and tamper-proof; this is because the data is incorruptible once entered and verified, meaning that users would not be able to bribe officials into making changes. The record-keeping and transparency features of the blockchain network would allow users to view historic ownership and taxation records, with all records being time-stamped and reliable. As governments and other entities begin to adopt these solutions, blockchain service providers will be able to increase their consumer base, expand their footprint, build profits and attract additional investment – naturally, consumers will also benefit from the innovative solutions blockchain can provide.

Pan-Impact Korea is an impact investing advisory company that has introduced a social impact bond (SIB) that utilizes blockchain technology. SIBs are typically offered by governments to finance social projects, with payouts being contingent upon the achievement of predefined social outcomes. But unlike traditional bonds which are tradable, SIBs function more like private contracts. This lack of securitization and liquidity renders them unattractive investments, due to the difficulties investors face when trying to purchase or sell the SIBs. Using blockchain, Pan-Impact can more effectively securitize the SIBs (via the creation of blockchain tokens that serve as derivatives) and create a decentralized peer-to-peer ecosystem that allows for a functioning and liquid marketplace for these tokens (bonds). Investors can even trade and settle in traditional currencies; and with the tamper-proof blockchain infrastructure, they can track the performance of each SIB in real-time – and potentially the performance of the underlying impact targets as well. Both financial and impact data related to the SIB could be codified and stored on the network; the bond’s account history, transaction history, ownership records and performance could all become fully transparent and trustworthy.

IXO Foundation is a software development organization that has developed a blockchain system for impact measurement in South Africa. Traditional impact measurement methodologies are problematic because of their obscurity; they don’t have objective criteria or standardized scientific methods for measuring impact. And yet all impact investors endeavor to measure impact with the same clarity that is used to assess financial metrics in traditional markets. IXO tackles this challenge by creating verified impact claims, or “proof of impact” protocols. For example, in a project that uses the IXO system to support child development and school attendance, children are given digital self-sovereign identities connected to a blockchain system (via an app); this allows teachers and students to mutually agree to and approve activities (e.g, day-to-day school attendance), which triggers the achievement of a successful impact event. The app can then securitize these impact events into blockchain tokens, which can serve as verified records of impact data that can then be submitted and redeemed for government subsidies. If this approach is developed and scaled, the value-add for impact investors would be significant: With transparency and reliability integrated into impact measurement frameworks, investors could gain a more nuanced understanding of impact throughout their investment-selection process. For those interested in learning more about tokenized impact measurement and information assets in general, read the following report from IISD.

As governments and other entities begin to adopt these types of solutions, blockchain service providers will be able to increase their consumer base, expand their footprint, build profits and attract additional investment – naturally, consumers will also benefit from the innovative solutions blockchain can provide.

But these initiatives are just a drop in the ocean that is blockchain. At the macro-level, blockchain is being used creatively in projects around the world to build economies for the unbanked and unregistered, incorporate transparency into supply chains, facilitate effective philanthropy, establish tamper-proof records, promote decentralized governance, create peer-to-peer markets, provide self-sovereign identity, and more. Perhaps most importantly, blockchain is playing an ever-increasing role as a foundational technology for the infrastructure behind Web 3.0, the next evolution of the internet; Gemini offers a thorough explanation of this development.

This is an exciting space, one that I anticipate will only become more interesting. In fact, there is now a dedicated coalition established for the advocacy of blockchain as a force for social impact. If you’re involved in an impact-focused organization or project, it’s worth considering how blockchain technology could be leveraged in your work.

 

Raj Jain is a policy analyst for the Federal Government of Canada developing and implementing the Social Finance Fund (SFF).

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