when it comes to uniting 8 billion brains sustainably, english has advanages and disadvantage;s it went from the poetry of bard 1 to way admiistrators claimed to use scientifiuc method to (at peak) boss over 25% of the world population; suddenly bankrupted by world war 2 if you would like to see what 1 billion asian women did about this look at their toop 30 coperation ideas at abed mooc; if you want to see back in 1843 is both how ideas first described analytic machines as artificial (ie man-made not nature made) and how this might of integrated with the economists founder in 1843 of systems queen voctoria needed to humanise her empire you might start at economistdaiory.com (you should know that james hiuself doied in calcutta of diarrhea - and it took 112 yeras to massively network parental solutions to diarheas as number 1 killer in tropics) ; if you want to see today's views you might start at bard.solar or economistlearning.com or alumnisat.com or tell us where you like to start) rsvp chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk
Friends of Fazle Abed study world class scaling of what we now call UN Sustainability Goals but Abed in 1972 first called Goal 1 Poverty alleviation when he founded BRA-C (Bangladesh Rural Advancement Collabs so that Bangladesh became the first nation empowered by poorest village women. Start with 3 favorite wESG (womens Entrepreneurial Scaling Goals : human collaborations of 100K ::1billion :: 50million

  • *** 100000 lives matter eg 5.1 metavillage= 1972

  • ...***1billion girls action networking -eg 3.1 oral rehydration

  • ***50 million graduate Apps: 5.4 purpose of first 100 new unis of sdg generation
1billiongirls.com - over the last half century the greatest human development miracle (extra ref schumacher 1 million bilages) has been networked by 1 billion poorest asian village women -here we invite you to help map the 30 collaborations they linkedin - their chief guide 2019-1970 the former oil company executive fazle abed- In spite of being pivotal to how one quarter of all human beings progressed (and by far the deepest co-creators of Sustainability goal solutions- nobody ever printed any paper money for them - its only since innovating the world's largest cashless banking 1.5 systems that many westerners even began to study 21st C happiest possibilities with them.
Out of Bangladesh, village mothers hired 100000 village coaches - webbed 30 collaborations - giant leaps for womankind & youth as first sustainability generation
Intergenerational collaboration entrepreneur platforms 5.1  metavillage sustainable community building - women empowered:15000 families at a time;5.2   billion asian women,5.3  brac net; 5.4   asian universities share sdg graduates 5.5  climate smart village exchanges,5.6 meta and zoom-me up scotty
BANK FOR ALL 1.1  1.2  1.3   1.4   1.5   1.6 celebrate 30 most human collaborations from developing world of last half-century - inspiring  anyone valuing UN and youth as first sustainability generation
EDUCATION  adult village entrepreneurs 4.1; primary 4.2  ; teen 4.3; university4.4 ; pre-school4.5;tech multidisciplinary luminaries 4.6 
HEALTH oral rehydration 3.1 ;para health "doordash" basic meds 3,2; scale vaccination3.3 ;tuberculosis & 3.4  Frugal processes eg wash sanitation, maternity3.5  ; James Grant School of public health 3.6
FOOD/land security 2.1  rice; 2.2 veggie  2.3    cash crops & village fair; 2.4  poultry;2.5  dairy, 2,6  14 nation leading supply chains financial opportunities to end poverty ;

UN says: Today's Education Systems No Longer Fit for PurposeAt Economistdiary.com we search out collaboration events- most exciting in 2022 - UN total transformation of education -september NY; Neumann's families collaboration search AI Hall of Fame; fen ale owners of transmedia race to humanise the metaverse...
abedMOOC.com started from a brainstorming dinner convened by Japan Ambassador to Dhaka who noticed my father's surveys of Asia Rising begun with Japan 1962 (endorsed by JF Kennedy) had not completely detailed Bangladesh Rural Advancement's  contributions to sustaining humanity and celebrating nation building through women empowerment . Dad's last public birthday party had celebrated launch of Muhammad Yunus Global Social Business Book February 2008 with 40 guests at Royal Automobile Club, St James, London. Father had also paid for sampling 2000 of Yunus books, 10000 dvds (youtube style interviews with all grameen directors during summer 2008 when the Nobel judges opened Yunus Museum in Mirpur, as well as part of launch of 2 Journals by Adam Smith Scholars in Glasgow that had emerged from Yunus making the 250th keynote speech on Adam Smith Moral Sentiments Dec 2008. But Fazle Abed whom my father never got the chance to meet had started 11 years before Yunus Grameen Bank 1983 Ordinance , built health and agricultural foundations, and then schooling -altogether a 5 dimensions approach that was not possible to appreciate from onee dimensional microcreditsummit yunus the clintons, queen Sofia staged annually from 1997. Abed said we could do a Mooc if it was laid out round C for collaborations. He was keen to map how 6  Collabs per the 5 primary sdgs had been integrated through 2 quarters of a century 1972-1995 when rural meant no electricity grids or phones; 1995 when partnering platforms afforded extraordinary leapfrog models that could be designed with mobile networks and solar. It took 16 trips while Abed was alive (and the curiosity og many graduate journalists _ to get this mooc started, and we still try to update it even as Abed left the world in Dec 2019. We welcome corrections and omissions. We have attempted here to map the deepest economic miracle

Wednesday, December 18, 2019


 ifpri s washington's  sdg 2 global hunger institute - hosted 6 2020 food conferences 1995 dc  , 2001 germany , 2004 uganda, 2007 beijing, 2011 delhi, 2014 addis ababa eyhiopia - sir fazle was on the advisory committee of the final 2014 conference along with experts footnoted

abed also contributed to book: the poorest and the hungry published 2009

  • Chapter 27 - Microfinance Interventions to Enable the Poorest to Improve Their Asset Base
    Fazle Hasan Abed

International Advisory Committee

Sir Fazle Hasan Abed, Founder & Chairperson, Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee

(BRAC), Bangladesh

Mr. Aly Abou‐Sabaa, Sector Operations Vice President, Governance, Agriculture and Human

Development, African Development Bank, Côte d’Ivoire

Hon. Dr. Akin Adesina, Minister of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Ministry of Agriculture

and Natural Resources, Nigeria

Ms. Lystra Antoine, Director for Agriculture Development, DuPont Pioneer, USA

Mr. Tom Arnold, Concern Worldwide’s Special Representative for Hunger and Director

General, Institute of International and European Affairs, Ireland

Dr. Christopher Barrett, Stephen B. and Janice G. Ashley Professor of Applied Economics and

Management, Cornell University, USA

Ms. Catherine Bertini, Co‐chair, The Chicago Council Initiative on Global Agricultural

Development, USA

Ms. Paula Chalinder, Head of Profession, Livelihoods, Department for International

Development (DFID), United Kingdom

Dr. Shenggen Fan, Director General, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), USA

H.E. Ato Newai Gebre‐ab, Chief Economic Advisor to the Prime Minister and Executive

Director of the Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI), Ethiopia

Dr. Marion Guillou, Chair of the Governing Board, Agreenium, France

Mr. Michael Hailu, Director, Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA),

The Netherlands

Dr. Franz Heidhues, Professor Emeritus, Center for Tropical Agriculture, University of

Hohenheim, Germany

Mr. Jeff Hill, Director for Policy, United States Agency for International Development

(USAID) Bureau for Food Security, USA

Hon. Dr. Agnes Kalibata, Minister of Agriculture and Animal Resources, Rwanda

Mr. Henock Kifle, Senior Adviser to the President, International Fund for Agricultural

Development (IFAD), Italy

Dr. Sergey Kiselev, Director, Eurasian Center for Food Security, Lomonosov Moscow State

University, Russian Federation

H.E. John Agyekum Kufuor, Former President, Republic of Ghana, Ghana

Mr. David Malone, Rector, United Nations University, Japan

Ms. Bonnie McClafferty, Director, Agriculture and Nutrition, Global Alliance for Improved

Nutrition (GAIN), USA

‐ 53 ‐

Mr. Peter McPherson, President, Association of Public and Land‐grant Universities (APLU)

and Founding Co‐Chair, Partnership to Cut Hunger and Poverty in Africa, USA

Dr. Steven Were Omamo, Director, Policy Program, Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa

(AGRA), Kenya

Dr. Martin Piñeiro, Director, Grupo Consultores en Economia y Organizacion, Argentina

Dr. Prabhu Pingali, Professor and Founding Director, Tata‐Cornell Agriculture and Nutrition

Initiative, Cornell University, USA

Dr. Per Pinstrup‐Andersen, H.E. Babcock Professor of Food and Nutrition Policy, Cornell

University, USA

Dr. Hans‐Joachim Preuss, Managing Director, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale

Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), Germany

Mr. Jaidev Shroff, Chief Executive Officer, UPL Limited, India

Ms. Kathy Spahn, President and Chief Executive Officer, Helen Keller International, USA

Dr. M. S. Swaminathan, Emeritus Chairman and Chief Mentor, M. S. Swaminathan Research

Foundation, India

Mr. Stephan Tanda, Executive Managing Board Director, Royal DSM N.V., The Netherlands

Dr. Greg Traxler, Senior Program Officer, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, USA

Prof. Joachim von Braun, Director, Department of Economic and Technological Change,

Center for Development Research (ZEF), Germany

Dr. Emorn Udomkesmalee (Wasantwisut), Senior Advisor, Institute of Nutrition, Mahidol

University, Thailand


  1. index porest and hungry Chapter 1 The Poorest and the Hungry: A Synthesis of Analyses
    and Actions 1
    Joachim von Braun, Ruth Vargas Hill,
    and Rajul Pandya-Lorch
    Part 1 Understanding Ultra Poverty and Hunger:
    Theory and Measurement 63
    Chapter 2 The Changing Profile of Poverty in the World 69
    Shaohua Chen and Martin Ravallion
    Chapter 3 Counting and Multidimensional Poverty 77
    Sabina Alkire and James Foster
    Chapter 4 Child Malnutrition in India and China:
    A Comparison 91
    Peter Svedberg
    Chapter 5 The Poorest and Hungry: Looking below the Line 99
    Akhter U. Ahmed, Ruth Vargas Hill,
    and Doris M. Wiesmann
    Chapter 6 The Poorest and Hungry: Characteristics and Causes 107
    Akhter U. Ahmed, Ruth Vargas Hill, Lisa C. Smith,
    and Tim Frankenberger
    Chapter 7 Mapping Where the Poor Live 117
    Todd Benson, Michael Epprecht, and Nicholas Minot
    Chapter 8 Poverty Traps: Exploring the Complexity of Causation 129
    Partha Dasgupta
    Part 2 Fostering Inclusive “Growth+” for the Poorest 147
    Chapter 9 Global Macroeconomic Developments:
    The Implications for Poverty 155
    Eugenio Díaz-Bonilla
    Chapter 10 Poverty and the Globalization of the Food
    and Agriculture System 171
    Joachim von Braun and Tewodaj Mengistu
    Chapter 11 Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction:
    Do Poor Countries Need to Worry about Inequality? 179
    Martin Ravallion
    Chapter 12 Economic Reform to Stimulate Growth and Reduce Poverty:
    The Latin American Experience 187
    Alberto Valdés and William Foster
    Chapter 13 Determinants of Pro-Poor Growth 195
    Stephan Klasen
    Chapter 14 Determinants of Rural Poverty Reduction and Pro-Poor
    Economic Growth in China 203
    Jikun Huang, Qi Zhang, and Scott Rozelle
    Chapter 15 International Migration: Can It Improve Living Standards
    among Poor and Vulnerable Populations? 211
    Alan de Brauw
    Chapter 16 Land Issues and Poverty Reduction: Requirements for
    Lasting Peace in Sudan and Afghanistan 219
    Gunnar M. Sørbø and Arne Strand
    Chapter 17 Property Rights for Poverty Reduction 227
    Ruth Meinzen-Dick, Patricia Kameri-Mbote,
    and Helen Markelova
    Chapter 18 The Political Economy of Designing Programs to Reach
    the Poorest 237
    Ehtisham Ahmad
    Chapter 19 China’s Poverty Alleviation Policy and Management 253
    Chu Liming, Wen Qiuliang, Lin Zechang,
    and Fang Yaming
    Essay 1 The Macroeconomic Foundations of Inclusive
    Middle-Class Growth 261
    Nancy Birdsall
    Part 3 Focusing on Social Policies and Insurance 269
    Chapter 20 Growth-Promoting Social Safety Nets 279
    Harold Alderman and John Hoddinott
    viii contents
    Chapter 21 Social Security: What Can Developing Countries Learn from
    Developed Countries? 287
    Jean-Jacques Dethier
    Chapter 22 Conditional Cash Transfer Programs: A “Magic Bullet” for
    Reducing Poverty? 299
    Michelle Adato and John Hoddinott
    Chapter 23 How Effective Are Food-for-Education Programs?
    A Critical Reassessment 307
    Sarah Adelman, Daniel O. Gilligan,
    and Kim Lehrer
    Chapter 24 How to Effectively Scale Up Interventions and
    Actions That Address Malnutrition: Three Cases from
    Helen Keller International 315
    Kathy Spahn
    Chapter 25 Designing Insurance for the Poor 321
    Stefan Dercon
    Chapter 26 Health Care for the World’s Poorest: Is Voluntary (Private)
    Health Insurance an Option? 329
    Jacques van der Gaag


  2. Chapter 27 Microfinance Interventions to Enable the Poorest to Improve
    Their Asset Base 339
    Fazle Hasan Abed
    Chapter 28 Scaling Up Microfinance in India: The Role of the
    Private Sector 345
    Sona Varma
    Chapter 29 Halving Brazil’s Poverty, 1983–2006 355
    Francisco H. G. Ferreira and
    Phillippe G. Leite
    Chapter 30 Zero Hunger and Territories of Citizenship: Promoting
    Food Security in Brazil’s Rural Areas 367
    José Graziano da Silva
    Chapter 31 Poverty, Inequality, and Welfare in a Rapid-Growth Economy:
    The Chilean Experience 375
    Dante Contreras
    Essay 2 The Fight against Poverty and Hunger in Brazil 383
    Patrus Ananias de Souza
    Essay 3 Reaching the Poorest of the Poor at the Community Level:
    The Experience of the Philippines 387
    Domingo F. Panganiban
    contents ix
    Part 4 Including the Excluded 393
    Chapter 32 Addressing Discrimination and Inequality among Groups 399
    Frances Stewart
    Chapter 33 The Dynamics of Poverty: Why Don’t “the Poor”
    Act Collectively? 411
    Anirudh Krishna
    Chapter 34 Economic Exclusion and Poverty Linkages:
    A Reflection on Concept, Consequences, and Remedies
    in an Asian Context 421
    Sukhadeo Thorat
    Chapter 35 Building a More Gender-Just and Equitable Society:
    Overcoming the Internal Contradictions to
    Self-Governance 431
    Neelima Khetan and Ajay Mehta
    Chapter 36 Strengthening Women’s Assets and Status:
    Programs Improving Poor Women’s Lives 439
    John Ambler, Lauren Pandolfelli, Anna Kramer, and
    Ruth Meinzen-Dick
    Chapter 37 Policies and Effects of Poverty Reduction for People with
    Disabilities in China 447
    Zhang Dongmei
    Essay 4 Including People with Disabilities in Actions to Reduce
    Poverty and Hunger 457
    Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo
    Essay 5 How Can Organizations of the Poorest Best Be Fostered? 465
    Vijay Kumar Thallam
    Essay 6 Tackling Social Exclusion: South Asia 473
    Qazi Kholiquzzaman Ahmad
    Essay 7 Policies and Lessons for Reaching Indigenous Peoples in
    Development Programs 479
    Lennart Båge
    Part 5 Strategies and Policies for Effective Action 487
    Chapter 38 The Millennium Development Goals:
    How Realistic Are They? 493
    Michiel Keyzer and Lia van Wesenbeeck
    Chapter 39 Choosing Policy Instruments to Reduce Hunger and Poverty:
    Is It Possible to Overcome the Feasibility Dilemma? 501
    Regina Birner
    x contents
    Chapter 40 Investment Priorities for Economic Growth and
    Poverty Reduction 511
    Shenggen Fan, Joanna Brzeska, and Ghada Shields
    Chapter 41 How to Mobilize Public Resources to Support
    Poverty Reduction 521
    Shenggen Fan, Anuja Saurkar, and Ghada Shields
    Chapter 42 Improving Governance to Eradicate Poverty
    and Hunger 529
    Regina Birner
    Chapter 43 Social Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Developing
    Capacity to Reduce Poverty and Hunger 541
    Suresh Babu and Per Pinstrup-Andersen
    Chapter 44 Scaling Up: A Path to Effective Development 549
    Arntraud Hartmann and Johannes F. Linn
    Contributors 559
    Index 567