20th century intelligence - ending poverty of half world without electricity -although Keynes 1936 (last capter general theiry money inetrest emplymen) asked Economists to take hipocrati oath as the profession that ended extreme poverty, most economists did the opposite. Whats not understandable is how educatirs failed to catalogue the lessons of the handful who bottom-up empowered vilages to collaboratively end poverty. There are mainly 2 inteligences to understand- Borlaug on food; fazle abed on everything that raised life expectancy in tropical viage asia from low 40s to 60s (about 7 below norm of living with electricity and telecomes). Between 1972 and 2001, Abed's lessons catalogued in this mooc had largelu built the nation of Bangladesh and been replicated with help of Unicef's James Grant acroo most tropical asian areas. What's exciting is the valley's mr ad mrs steve jobs invted Fazle Abed to share inteligences 2001 at his 65th birthday party. The Jobs and frineds promised to integrate abed's inteligence into neighborhod university stanfrd which in any event wanted Jobs next great leap the iphone. The Valley told abed to start a university so that women graduates from poor and rich nations could blend inteligence as Abed's bottom of the pyramid vilage began their journey of leapfrog modles now that gridd infarstructures were ni longer needed for sdiar and mobile. Abed could also help redesign the millennium goals which were being greenwashed into a shared worldwide system coding frame by 2016. There re at Abed's 80th birtday party , the easy bitwas checking this mooc was uptodate. The hard bit - what did Abed mean by his wish to headhunt a taiwanese american to head the university's 3rd decade starting 2020?

Tuesday, November 30, 2021

5.5 3 6

 it is easy to forget that a majority of humans do not yet have access to piped water sanitation; we met jim kim around 2009 - he'd chosen the name world toilet to be unforgetable wherever smart people chatter about human development

as well as being in un sgd 6- clearly lack of toilets adds challenges to health, even to washing (a key to coved limitation); it also is part and parcel of the other half of the climate challenge

while developen nations need to reduce spends on engineering unless they can find clean energy inputs; the gap of the least developed world dends on much wiser carbo spending on piped infrastructured as well as maximising natural or wireless access

"I would like to extend my congratulations to you on the 20th anniversary of the .

Access to clean water, sanitation and hygiene are basic to progress. Yet more than half of the world’s population still lacks proper sanitation. As countries urbanise and population grow, the most disadvantaged will continue to bear the brunt of poor sanitation. Access to safe and adequate sanitation is also fundamental to public health in pandemics, in lowering the risk of disease and preventing premature deaths.

The World Toilet Organization’s work over the last 20 years has been critical to raising awareness and mobilising collective action to tackle the problem. The World Toilet Summit has succeeded in bringing together stakeholders to find lasting solutions, and the World Toilet College has trained more than 23,000 people on the importance of sanitation. World Toilet Day has been designated by the UN since 2013.

The World Toilet Organization’s efforts have made a significant contribution to achieving Sustainable Development Goal 6 on Clean Water and Sanitation for all. I wish the World Toilet Organization continued success in uplifting the dignity and livelihoods of vulnerable populations globally."

Tharman Shanmugaratnam
Senior Minister and
Coordinating Minister for Social Policies,

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