I have worked on poverty alleviation over the last 40 years in Bangladesh and when catherine used to be the head World Food Program we worked on a program called vulnerable group development program working with the poorest 10% of bangladesh's population providing support through food rations for two years but then we found that most of these people who received the food rations didn't really improve themselves to a level where they could come out of poverty
02:57 So in Bangladesh we started a differently designed program in 2001 called targeting the ultra poor 1.3 -again the poorest ten per cent) but this time we provided support in terms of an asset transfer -perhaps 3 goats --we also provided them training/ hand-holding and we gave them a stipend for their children to go to school
-mainly women headed households in Bangladesh; so we aimed to graduate them out of extreme poverty to a level of poverty where they can access market-based solutions eg by becoming a microfinance borrower and over the years we have now graduated about 1.5 million families in Bangladesh
Back in 2005 a delegation from CGAP consultative , part of the world bank's ultra poor team came to Bangladesh- they looked at our program and said why don't we replicate this program in other countries so Ford Foundation and CGAP funded a program in 10 countries three in Asia including India Pakistan and then Ethiopia Ghana Liberia then haiti honduras and peru
so these countries were pilot projects modeled on the bangladesh/brac program and there were three research institutions the MIT poverty action lab, the Dean Karlan at Yale School of Management and also London School of Economics they were hired to monitor the progress on these ten projects
the london school of economics which has been looking at the brac program over the last 12 years
and the other programs were looked on for about six years by these institutions and last year there
was a report by these research organizations and what was published in science magazine
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/348/6236/1260799 which came out with a very positive indicators
this involved randomized control trials so what we are hoping is that if this is the way to graduate very poorest of the poor people
various governments and donor agencies will take this up
the first country that is now interested in scaling up a large is the Kenyan government with the help of funding and implememtation by CARE and one other agency which brac will offer tech support to- this will be the first major project outside Bangladesh
and I' talked yesterday to the president of World Bank, jim kim, trying to get him to visit brac program
in Bangladesh when he goes there in a couple of weeks from now and hopefully also to
try and support if he's convinced , application in other countries 08:28 so we have found one way of tackling extreme poverty and hunger in Bangladesh; the point about this particular program is that is the poor themselves who do all the hard work to get themselves out of poverty so
All we have donei is create the enabling condition for them
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